Who traveled the oceans to America thousands of years before Christopher Columbus? Was it the Vikings or some other civilization?
These are just some of the questions that intrigue us all. Historians and archaeologists have given us a pretty good idea of life in America before Christopher Columbus’s big discovery, but there have also been objects and inscriptions found that reveal ancient people being in America thousands of years before him.
One object found was the Pemberton Wedge. The Pemberton Wedge was discovered in 1859 by J.W.C. Evans near Pemberton, New Jersey. This ancient object is a wedge shaped sandstone axe head that has a ten character inscription on it. Archaeologist James Whittall was able to translate the characters, in 1861, as “Stand firm, on guard, parry, close in and strike”.
The language used was ancient Iberian, a language used by the Neolithic tribes 3500-4000 years ago in Portugal and Spain. Is it possible that ancient sailors lost course and sailed all the way to America? Or were they on a journey to find new land?
Another was the Kensington Rune Stone which was discovered in 1898 by Olof Ohman near Kensington, Minnesota underneath a large tree that was being uprooted.
The Kensington Rune Stone is a large 200 pound stone piece of greywacke that is covered with ancient Scandinavian runes on its face and side. The stone is hugely controversial with most seeing it as a fake but recent research into the stone is actually showing it to be ancient in origin with the inscription.
There have also been other ancient findings in the area which include three boulders with triangular holes which are exactly the same kind used by Viking ships in Norway during the 14th century.
The translation of the runes reads as follows:
“Eight Götalanders and 22 Northmen on (this?) acquisition journey from Vinland far to the west. We had a camp by two (shelters?) one day’s journey north from this stone. We were fishing one day. After we came home, found 10 men red from blood and dead. Ave Maria save from evil. There are 10 men by the inland sea to look after our ships fourteen days journey from this peninsula (or island). Year 1362”.
Were the vikings the first to discover America? Who else has been here before?